Thursday, June 4, 2020
2017 Best Brightest: Casey McClaren, Cornell University (Dyson) by: Jeff Schmitt on April 09, 2017 | 0 Comments Comments 698 Views April 9, 2017Casey McClarenCornell University, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and ManagementForever wishing the rest of the world worked from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.Fun fact about yourself: I once won $1,000 playing bingo with my 97-year-old great-grandmother.Hometown: East Aurora, N.Y. (near Buffalo)High School: East Aurora High SchoolMajor: Applied Economics and Management with a concentration in International Trade and DevelopmentMinor: EnglishFavorite Business Courses: Global Business Strategy; International Finance Management; International Entrepreneurship; Spreadsheet ModelingExtracurricular Activities, Community Work and Leadership Roles During College: President, Dyson Undergraduate CouncilVP marketing and communications, Senior Class Campaign;Head teaching assistant, Introduction to Business Management (AEM 1200) and Business Manage ment and Organization (AEM 2200)international sector analyst, Cornell Current; senior member, Ellevate CornellYouth group leader, First Presbyterian Church of East AuroraCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences DeanÃ¢â¬â¢s listWhere have you interned during your college career? Summer 2014 Federal Bureau of Investigation; honors intern; Washington, D.C.Summer 2016 Ã¢â¬â J.P. Morgan Chase Co.; corporate summer analyst; Chicago, Ill.Spring 2017 Ã¢â¬â Senator Charles Schumer; intern; Buffalo, N.Y.Describe your dream Job: White House or State Department adviser on development economics initiatives.Who is your favorite professor? Chris Barrett. He taught a business writing course and encouraged us to think critically about current global issues and fostered interesting and thoughtful in-class debates.Which executive or entrepreneur do you most admire? Shelly Porges. She is a Cornell alum, and she has demonstrated that there is an avenue to being successful in business and also having a voice in policy. She started several of her own companies, then worked as an adviser in the State Department. I hope to forge my own version of that path.Where would you like to work after graduation?Ã J.P. Morgan, Corporate Analyst Development ProgramWhat are your long-term professional goals? I plan to attain an advanced degree and continue to seek out roles that are stimulating and challenging in the realm of global economic policy.What advice would you give to a student looking to major in a business-related field?Ã Explore your career options early and broadly, and be confident in your abilities.Ã¢â¬Å"I knew I wanted to major in business whenÃ¢â¬ ¦I visited Cornell for the first time and met other Dyson students.Ã I knew I wanted to be surrounded by such smart, driven, and interesting people for the next four years.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t major in business, I would beÃ¢â¬ ¦a philosophy major.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Before I entered business school, I wish I ha d knownÃ¢â¬ ¦that there are an infinite number of different paths you can take as a business major.Ã¢â¬ What was the happiest moment of your life? The day I got accepted to the Dyson School.Which academic, extracurricular or personal achievement are you most proud of? It would be being President of the Dyson Undergraduate Council during the creation of CornellÃ¢â¬â¢s College of Business and having the opportunity to provide a voice for Dyson students on faculty committees to define the new CollegeÃ¢â¬â¢s structure.What animal would you choose to represent your professional brand? A giraffe, because IÃ¢â¬â¢m always willing to stick out my neck and take on new challenges.Who would you most want to thank for your success? My parents and family.What would you like your business school peers to say about you after you graduate from this program?Ã That I was a great teammate and leader.Favorite book: The HandmaidÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale by Margaret AtwoodFavorite movie: The Breakfast Cl ubFavorite musical performer: The Black KeysFavorite vacation spot: Park City, UtahWhat are your hobbies? Exercising, reading, snow skiing, water sportsWhat made Casey McClaren such an invaluable addition to the Class of 2017?Ã¢â¬Å"Casey McClaren specializes in International Trade and Development in the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management. She is an active member of the student community, and served as President of the Dyson Undergraduate Council.Ã Under her leadership, they organized a Sophomore Networking Reception, a Senior Dinner, as well as bi-monthly coffee chats focused on specific topics of interest. Casey also worked to diversify the council and encouraged the members to think broadly about how to include the entire student body. Casey has a global view of the world, strong leadership skills, and a willingness to share her talents with the broader community.Ã¢â¬ Cindy Lynn Van Es Ph.D., Statistics Professor of Practice Director for Undergraduat e Studies Director for Business Inclusion and DiversityDONT MISS: THE FULL HONOR ROLL: THE BEST BRIGHTEST UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS MAJORS OF 2017 Page 1 of 11
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1809 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/08/15 Category Cinematographic Art Essay Level High school Tags: Jurassic Park Essay Did you like this example? Cloning Dinosaurs Seemed like a good Idea. Until the first visitors arrived, the Dinosaurs escaped, and the action begins. Jurassic Park Steven Spielbergs Sci-fi adventure starring Sam Neil and Jeff Goldblum was 1993s top box office earner. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "My Favorite Film Jurassic Park Years Anniversary" essay for you Create order This film was one greatest film of the year worldwide yet in addition open the chance to another franchise worldwide in film industry take of $3.64. 2018 is the time of the 25th commemoration of Jurassic Park, Steven Spielbergs huge blockbuster. Scientists Alan Grant (Sam Neill) and Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern) and mathematician Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) are among a select gathering visited an island amusement stop populated by dinosaurs made from ancient DNA. While the recreation centers brains, tycoon John Hammond (Richard Attenborough), guarantees everybody that the office is protected, they discover reassures everyone that the facility is safe, they find out otherwise when various ferocious predators break free and go on the hunt. Generally, when different savage predators break free and go on the chase. In 1993 Steven Spielberg adapted the book into the film was we know today. The film Directed by Steven Spielberg, Prior to Crichtons novel was distributed, four studios put in offers for its film rights. With the sponsorship of Universal Studios, Spielberg obtained the rights for $1.5 million preceding its production in 1990. Crichton was enlisted for an extra $500,000 to adjust the novel for the screen. Koepp composed the last draft, which forgot a significant part of the novels composition and viciousness and rolled out various improvements to the characters. This is the means by which we could appreciate today from this leaving film that takes us to the Jurassic Era. The film won more than twenty awards, including three Academy Awards for its technical achievements in visual effects and sound design. Jurassic Park is considered a landmark in the development of computer-generated imagery and animatronic visual effects, and was followed by four commercially successful sequels, The L ost World: Jurassic Park (1997), Jurassic Park III (2001), Jurassic World (2015) and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018), with a fifth and final sequel, currently titled Jurassic World 3, scheduled for a 2021 release. (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurassic_Park_(film) ). The setting: The film takes place on Isla Nublar its an island located in Costa Rica (Central America). A new park has recently been worked with hereditary designed dinosaurs. Catastrophe strikes when one of the laborers is murdered by a velociraptor. The originator of the recreation center John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) asks for scientist Doctor Alan Grant (Sam Neill) and his associate, Doctor Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern) to go to the recreation center and guarantee that it is sheltered. Additionally, going along with them are Hammonds legal advisor Donald Gennaro (Martin Ferrero) and mayhem scholar Doctor Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum). When they achieve the island, they are astonished to find that Hammond has made living dinosaurs. Be that as it may, in the meantime they all have their questions. Afterward, Hammonds grandkids Lex (Ariana Richards) and Tim (Joseph Mazzello) join the gathering in a voyage through the recreation center. Sattler leaves the visit to deal with an evil t riceratops. Before long the power in the recreation center is closed around PC frameworks nerd Dennis Nedry (Wayne Knight) who wishes to take developing lives from the recreation center to pitch to a mystery purchaser. All the while, numerous dinosaurs get away from their enclosures, including the fatal tyrannosaurus rex, who, amid a tempest, gets away from his enclosure and assaults the kids, and eats Gennaro. Malcolm is harmed, and Grant and the youngsters are then lost in the recreation center. In the interim, Hammond, Sattler and whatever is left of the activities group discover that Nerdy (who meanwhile has been executed) has bolted up the PC framework to cover his tracks. They endeavor to get control back in the recreation center to get away from the island. In the wake of closing down the framework, at that point reestablishing it, the gathering understands that velociraptors are likewise free to move around at will and are presently on the chase for the guests or visitors. The narrator and point of view of this film is POV is that of Grant, Ellie, Lex and Tim. The narrators point of view is dependably a solitary, isolates third individual voice; for the most part, the point of view changes a few times inside a section, changing from character to character; the storyteller depicts everything from the activities and sentiments of the individual characters to apropos foundation data and individual chronicles. The point of view is third person omniscient. The tone is in a dry, almost clinical tone, relating the events that transpire almost as if they are evidence being presented in a trial. The Major clash of the film is Dennis Nedry, is covertly wanting to take dinosaur fetuses from the recreation center and pitch them to an organization that is endeavoring to remain in business with Hammond. The main way Nedry can acquire these features id to close down the recreation center power so he can sneak into the solidifying chamber. Rising activity, Nedry jams the PC framework, which close the security framework, deactivates the electric fences, and slows down the robotized visiting autos. He does while alternate guests are visiting the recreation center, and everything turns out badly from that point. As he is hustling to get to the dock, where a vessel is holding up to take the incipient organisms, He understands that he has gone the wrong way. He escapes the auto to attempt and make sense of where he is, and hes assaulted and slaughtered by one of the dinosaurs. Although Malcolm and others over and again caution Hammond that the recreation center is perilous, his mix of a varice and fanatical vision cause him to decline to close the recreation center; when the power close down, the dinosaur run free and endeavor to chase down their makers and previous captors. The peak is the point at which the tyrannosaurus, the biggest dinosaur in the recreation center, assaults the Land Rover in which Hammonds grandkids are riding. the power is out, and every one of the creatures can escape the never again charged wall. The others are ceased before the T-Rex holding zone and he gets through and assaults them. Everybody escapes and is scattered through the recreation center. The creatures start assaulting the control building. Since all the power is out there is no real way to stop them. One of the Scientists, Wu, finds that the once all female dinosaurs are starting to breed. They think they recovered the power on, so they attempt to put every one of the creatures back in their holding regions. Falling Action Little did they realize that the entire time the recreation center was running on assistant power, and once this power ran out they couldnt reestablish the fundamental power. At the point when all the power at last ran out the creatures started ass aulting full constrained at this point. The best way to get the recreation center running again was to have somebody physically turn on another assistant power generator so they could get the fundamental power running once more. Jurassic Park Falling Action: its when Regis and Malcolm run from their cars, Meanwhile Grant and the kids are forced to flee into the park; Arnold restores the computer network. Foreshadowing in the movie: The three-toed lizard that attacks Tina at the novels opening has all the descriptive features of a young velociraptor, the same species seen sneaking onto the supply ship. The conclusion in the film is that Two individuals kicked the bucket endeavoring this lastly one succeeded. They got control on and could call the Costa Rican government to come in and safeguard them out. When they were taking off bombs were dropped on the island and it was devastated. Characters There were numerous fundamental characters in Jurassic Park. First there was Alan Grant, a Paleontologist who was around 5 11, thin, and was exceptionally inspired by dinosaurs. He didnt have any solid feeling about the recreation center aside from that he was so eager to see genuine dinosaurs. Next there was Ellen Sattler, she was Grants accomplice in burrows. She was exceptionally excellent, however extremely dynamic and solid. She was by all accounts exceptionally inspired by this stunning new universe of the dinosaurs. Next there was Ian Malcolm, a tall mathematician who dependably donned dark. He had exceptionally solid assessments restricting the recreation center. He knew things would turn out badly, yet nobody tuned in to him. One of the most interesting minutes in the motion picture is the point at which the Layer needs to go to the bathroom and alternate folks see him rushing to the bathroom and they say this line: When you gotta go, you gotta go.. This kind of comic drama is the thing that I like a film. Its a genuine film yet in the middle of has its own parody. We are on the 25 anniversary of the movie. 7 sequences movies came after that making it on of the biggest grossing franchises of Universal Studios. The reason why I choose this movie was because when I saw it the first time really took me and my imagination to the Jurassic Era. Where we could not go millions of years ago. The only way to see the Dinosaurs are on the museums as skeletons or in this case animated by a computer which takes your mind like if we were on that time. I was 5 years old when the movie was release. And I still watching it since then. In the years following its release, Jurassic Park has frequently been cited by film critics and industry professionals as one of the greatest movies of the action and thriller genres. The American Film Institute named Jurassic Park the 35th most thrilling film of all time on June 13, 2001. In the Box office, Jurassic Park became the highest-grossing film released worldwide up to that time. Following $3.1 million from midnight scree nings on June 10, the film earned $47 million in its first weekend, with the $50.1 million total breaking the opening weekend record set by Batman Returns the year before. By the end of its first week, Jurassic Park had grossed $81.7 million, and stayed at number one for three weeks. It eventually grossed $357 million in the U.S. and Canada. Box Office Mojo estimates that the film sold over 86.2 million tickets in the US in its initial theatrical run. The film also did very well in international markets, breaking opening records in the United Kingdom, Japan, India, South Korea, Mexico, and Taiwan, ultimately earning $914 million worldwide, with Spielberg reportedly making over $250 million from the film.(Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurassic_Park_(film) ). In my opinion on of the greatest film of all the time with a good cast, good director, good producers in fact my Favorite Movie.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What is diabetes Diabetes is a disorder in which our body does not process food for use as energy. Whenever we eat food, it is turned into glucose or sugar for our bodies to use for energy. The main organ that makes the hormone called insulin that helps the glucose get into our bodies properly, is the pancreas, which lies near the stomach. When you develop diabetes, that means your body is not making enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as it should. When that happens, it causes sugar to build in our blood which causes diabetes (Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/media/presskits/aahd/diabetes.pdf). What is Depression Depression is a mental disorder that makes someone have lost ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦With diabetes being the seventh cause of death in the U.S, I think that people with diabetes can develop depression with the hormones in the medication that regulate their blood sugar level may have an influence on the hormones that may cause depression. Depression in Children The main topic in Grey, M, Whittemore, R, and Tamborlane, W 2002 study was about how we as Adults does not think that depression is as common in children with type 1 diabetes as it is in adulthood (Grey, Whittemore, Tamborlane. (2002). In a certain type of way that hypothesis could be correct, but with the combination of depression and diabetes, it makes it not true. What they found that children with poor metabolic control can suffer long term disability with depression (Grey, M., Whittemore, R., Tamborlane, W. (2002). This article concluded that there is still some research that needs to be done because with the studies that they did, very little is known in regards to children with diabetes. What Grey, Whittemore, a Tamborlane is thinking about doing to make this a more reliable research, they will need to have a better understanding of the children family characteristics that would support the metabolic issue and their mental health. There are more s tudies that are needed to be such as the coping skill when they first found out the diagnoses and 10 years of diabetes on depression (Grey, M., Whittemore, R., Tamborlane,Show MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On Diabetes Essay1161 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDiabetes Policy This paper focuses on people with diabetes. Diabetes occurs when there is impaired ability by the pancreas to produce enough insulin, or the body loses its ability to utilize the insulin produced by pancreas effectively. Consequently, the body fails to regulate the level of glucose in the blood. The failure to control glucose leads to episodes of hyperglycemia, especially after a meal. Diabetes is one of the chronic conditions that account for the largest morbidity rates globallyRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On Diabetes1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDiabetes Dilemma Approximately 25.8 million people suffer from diabetes in the United States alone (Cheever Hinkle, 2014). Without a doubt, this is a surprising statistic and somewhat horrifying. Within 15 years, it is estimated that over 30 million people will have diabetes; although many people are unaware they have diabetes. Flaws in insulin secretion or action cause increased blood glucose levels, which is the main distinction of diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a serious condition that canRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects982 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Diabetes mellitus, simply known as diabetes, is a condition where the body does not process food properly (CDC). Originating in Europe and Africa, diabetes has become the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, in between pneumonia and Alzheimer s Disease. The pancreas, an organ located near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cell of our bodies. A person is diagnosed a diabetic when their bodies do not produce enough insulin or they cannotRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract Diabetes is chronic disease that effects many people in the United States. Diabetes is a very self-manageable disease, however, there are a number of barriers that may stand in the way of a diabetics getting the treatment they need to keep this disease under control. Due to the cost of doctors appointments, medications, blood glucose monitoring supplies and healthy foods, low-income diabetics often have a difficult time managing the disease. Without proper medical care and self managementRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects Essay1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Diabetes is a disease that took over 29.1 million peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives in 2014, which was over two years ago. That 29.1 million individuals were approximately 9.3% of the populace of the United States, during the year of 2014, as stated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes is scientifically referred to as diabetes mellitus, this disease is increasing within the United States at an alarming rat e amongst all individuals. Diabetes is a term that defines some diseases which are resultsRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects Essay1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDiabetes Mellitus is a disease that affects 9.3% of the American population, and also accounts for being the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes can be an undoubtedly frightening, but controllable disease. There are a few ways to prevent some cases of diabetes and also steps that can be taken to lessen the effect of the disease on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life who has it. Diabetes is a disease of the body is unreceptive to the hormone insulin that is secreted by the pancreas or in some casesRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects3477 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesIn general, diabetes is a disease where the body is incapable to control levels of glucose in the blood, generating an excess glucose present in the blood. Glucose is a simple sugar which provide our body the energy that comes from food we ingest and the water that we drink. Food that contains high carbohydrates in the forms of starches and sugars comes from food like bread, cereals, dairy products, fruits, and some vegetables. If an excess of glucose occurs in the blood, it is then processed byRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On The Body Essay1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Diabetes is caused when the body is unable to produce or use insulin properly. Since carbohydrates are a main source of energy, insulin must be present in the bloodstream in order to convert carbohydrates into glucose. Glucose is then used to open the cellsRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On The Quality Of Life3510 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pages Diabetes has been portrayed as an epidemic affecting an expected 104 million individuals around the world. Diabetes is not only a typical chronic ailment as well as it meets all 3 criteria for a public health disease (Cockram, 2000). The objective of the clinical administration of all types of diabetes is to control metabolic disorders related to diabetes without adversely affecting the quality of life (Renders, et al. 2000). The research study is focused on management of diabetes mellitus in AsianRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On The Lives Of People Suffering From Diabetes Essay2303 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIntroduction Diabetes is a chronic illness that effects a large number of the population, 243,125 New Zealanders were diagnosed according to the 2013 census (Diabetes New Zealand, 2014a). Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that causes unstable hyperglycaemia resulting from a defect in insulin secretion or action within the body (Belonwu, Obimba, Ozougwu Unakalamba, 2013). Diabetes is a condition that can have detrimental effects on the lives of people suffering from diabetes, diabetes is a condition
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Family Development Theory (including family life cycle) (Pg. 73 Ã¢â¬â 80 in the textbook) Definitions of key terms ?Family of orientation: The family that you are born into; the family of origin. ?Family of procreation: The family they may help to found, i. e. the after marriage family. ?Developmental tasks: Adjustments that people need to make in order to cope with the changes in the family life cycle as well with changes in their own life cycle. ?Dysfunctional: The ineffective families that is unable to deal with its problems and require outside help. ?Stressor: An event that creates stress within the family. Summary Notes ?Just as a human being grows and goes through the sequence of stages, families also follow a series of developmental stages. ?The six stages of family life cycle are; 1. Between families (the young single adult). 2. The newly married couple. 3. The family with young children. 4. The family with adolescents. 5. Launching. 6. The family in later life. We will write a custom essay sample on .Family Development Theory or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page ?Moving from one stage to the other, family experiences a degree of stress and a period to adjust into the new stage. ?Changes in behavior by the family members occur to accommodate the change that has taken place. Unexpected changes such as divorce, an accident, a death, or the loss of a job can create great stress on family members and can cause severe alterations in their behavior. ?The ability to cope with hardships depends on the family structure and its personality. The elasticity of the family and the manner in which problems are usually solved in the family will help to determine how well the family deals with these hardships. ?Healthy and effective families are those who have strong and open communication with each other. They tend to share their burdens with the family. They are able to deal with family problems and continue to function. ?Family problem solving is the ability to deal with its problems so that the family continues to function and meet the needs of its members. ?A multicultural society, with its inclusion of many cultural groups, also give rise to differing family attitudes and behaviors that many at times lead to stress within a family. ?Stages of the developmental task are; 1. Perceiving a new, more mature way of behaving, either from the expectations of others or by observing suitable role of models. 2. Forming a revised self-concept in keeping with the more mature behavior. 3. Coping with the conflicting demands that will be involved in behavior modification. 4. Being motivated to complete the developmental task. ?A developmental task may be as something which has to be accomplished at a certain time, if its not done difficulties may arise in the future. ?Sometimes tasks of individual family members and family units are equally compatible. But there maybe occasions when life cycle and family tasks may not be compatible, and this situation could cause stress within the family unit.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Ritalin Abuse The pharmaceutical industry, working with the government and organized psychiatry, claim that such drugs as Ritalin, are a safe "treatment" for ADHD. School systems and courts have pressured and even forced parents to give stimulant drugs to their children. But hidden behind the well-oiled public relations machine is a potentially devastating reality. The problem with ADHD or ADD is already not whether or not ADHD is a subtype of ADD, but rather the problem is whether or not we should be medicating our children with drugs such as Ritalin. Need essay sample on "Ritalin Abuse" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Questions like the following often arise when discussing the issue: Are the side effects worth getting our children under control? Are all the children who are on Ritalin on it for just cause or are the drugs being abused? What does the future hold for these children who are using Ritalin and other stimulants? All these questions leave a lot parents wondering if they should put there young child on medications and what it will do to their future. Millions of children are prescribed the stimulant drugs such as Ritalin, Adderall, Concerta and Metadate for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the hope of controlling behaviors described as hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. These medications decrease restlessness, improve attention span, increase the ability to focus, decrease aggressive outbursts and improve social interaction. They are thought to work by adjusting the brain's chemical balance and reversing under-arousal, possibly by increasing the availability of certain neurotransmitters. About 75 % of children with ADHD respond well to stimulant medication with improved attention at school and increased academic productivity (Kidd, 2000). Ritalin, the most commonly prescribed stimulant for ADHD, peaks 1 to 2 hours after it's taken and effects last about 4 hours. For maximum benefit it's taken three times a day, seven days a week - in order to sustain home as well as school interactions. (Some find that although the afternoon dose eases home relationships, it may exacerbate side effects such as poor appetite and insomnia.) A slow-release form taken in the morning may last the day (at least 6 to 8 hours). A few develop "drug tolerance" and need increasing doses to suppress symptoms. (High amounts may have some growth-retarding effect, requring a drug change.) Side effects of Ritalin can include headaches, insomnia, reduced appetite and weight loss, stomach aches, occasional tics (grimaces, nail biting), a "zombie-like" stare, obsessive "over-focussing" (becoming over-engrossed) and emotional "constriction" (for instance shown by drawings where everything is miniscule or shoved tightly into a corner). Omitting the 4 p.m. dose might overcome the sleep problems but at the cost of disrupting home and family life. Most side effects can be avoided by giving smaller doses. Some children object to the "roller-coaster" feeling while on the drug, and want to feel "normal" again, leading to a drop-off in drug-taking. Some hate the idea of having their behaviour "controlled;" and some parents oppose the idea of "mind-altering" drugs for their kids (Kidd, 2000, p.20). In any case, there are always some ideals that do persuade parents into giving their children stimulants. The one of the appeals, and usually a selfish one, is that the drug gets their child under control. Parents who are fed up with their child and their behavior think that there is no other way of getting their child to behave and automatically look for a drug to get the situation changed sometimes when the child hasn't even been diagnosed with disorder yet. The appeal greatens when guilt settles in. Parents sometimes feel responsible for their child's outbreaks and by giving him or her a drug it makes the parents feel as if something chemically is wrong, and isn't because of the child's upbringing (Brink, 2004). But there are more reasonable and positive motives for using Ritalin for children with ADHD. A study was done by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), which proved that children with ADHD and taking medication to relieve symptoms had a better chance of not dropping out school, not smoking, abusing alcohol and drugs, or going to prison compared to those who with the disorder but are not on drugs (Brink, 2004). An experiment that was also done by NIMH seemed to further strengthen the belief that Ritalin does indeed work, is necessary, and leaves us with few alternatives. This experiment, which was conducted for fourteen months and involved 576 children, gave evidence that psychological therapy does not have a significant impact on children with ADHD and that drugs had a far bigger change in the children's behavior and lessened the symptoms more than therapy (Brink, 2004). Besides short-term benefits for Ritalin, some studies show that there are some long-term ones as well. In 1988 scientists found improvements in cognitive functions in reading performances. Though it wasn't positive, and is also very controversial if the drug itself was creating the improvement or if it was the drugs ability to reduce the disorders symptoms, which helps the child focus, but in the end, there still was an obvious increase in learning. Though frustration of child obedience, previously mention guilt, and hope for better grades often play a vital role in the decision of whether or not to put one's child on medication, there are some outstanding negatives that also make an impact on parents' choices on the matter. One of the major problems with Ritalin is the side effects the medication causes its users. As mentioned before, these include effects as minor as stomach pains, sleep loss, loss or appetite and irritability. But side effects can be as serious as facial tics, anxiety, insomnia, and depression. (Hancock and Wingert, 1996) Other sever symptoms include increase in blood pressure, nausea, hypersensitivity, and temporary decrease in bone growth (White and Rouge, 2003). In February of 1996, the Food and Drug Administration released a study done on mice that showed that Ritalin might even have the ability to cause a liver cancer (Hancock and Wingert, 1996). Also, in relation to side effects, is a lawsuit that took place in 2000 in California and New Jersey. Parents sued the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation for "failed to advise potential consumers... of the nature and extent of potential side effects... despite information in medical and scientific literature concerning these side effects of Ritalin use." The side effects that are being referred to are cardiovascular, central nervous system and gastrointestinal problems. The suit also investigated teachers who persuaded parents to take their children to doctors who where known for giving children Ritalin (School Law News, 2000, p.1). It is being feared by many physicians that Ritalin is being overly prescribed to children. Some doctors are seeing patients that have been told to have ADHD, but in reality have other problems such as learning difficulties or depression. Parents often even ask doctors for Ritalin, even when their child does not have a need for it, but the child's parents want to see his or her grades rise. Some doctors even admit to giving children the drug without doing much background checking of the child or any psychological tests that may prove the child has other problems. (Hancock and Wingert, 1996). ADHD is diagnosed without much hoop jumping. There are sixteen different symptoms that ADHD is connected with, and if the child has eight of them then all too often he or she is automatically considered to have ADHD; often without taking any other disorders or problems into consideration such as anxiety or depression (Donnelly, 1998). It seems as though parents are able to get their children the drug almost at demand. If they feel their child is in need of the stimulant, there is little stopping them from receiving it. Skepticism of ADHD and stimulants continue getting more serious when taking in some of the statistics. One fact that may change someone's thoughts on the disorder is that 8 in 10 children with ADHD are boys (Donnelly, 1998) But does anyone put into consideration that girls develop and become mature faster than boys? Or is it being forgotten that kids are just kids and are not always going to act as teachers and parents desire? Another issue relating to Ritalin is the possibilities of unknown long-term effects that have not yet been discovered. There have not been any long-term studies done on children who have taken Ritalin. Since ADHD cannot be tested by blood tests or any other kind of testing, there is always the chance that children are being misdiagnosed and receiving stimulants for a disorder that they do not have (Hancock and Wingert, 1996). Children sometimes have symptoms that seem like ADHD but aren't at all. The child can have problems such as chronic fear, mild seizures or even chronic ear infections, all of which may make adults assume the child has the disorder, but in reality has something completely different. Often problems at home make children act up as well. There maybe an abusive parent at home that makes a child be difficult in the classroom. In cases like these the child is not in need of drugs, but needs counseling (White and Rouge, 2003). Another negative aspect of the drug is the abuse of it. Because of the increase in prescribing Ritalin, the number of high school and college students abusing the drug has also increased. The drug is often bought from other students who are either on the drug or whose brother or sisters are. Ritalin is used by it's abuses by either being snorted or injected which gives the user a six hour mellow high, often compared to the high that cocaine gives. On college campus, sixteen percent of students questioned admitted that they had used Ritalin in an illegal way. Because of the number of abusers has increased so quickly, the country of Sweden has withdrawn Ritalin from the country completely (White and Rouge, 2003) The concept of ADHD and its medications are really hard to justify. There are some very valid reasons for putting children on the drug, especially helping them pay attention in school and having the same opportunity as the rest of the children in their classes. But the side effects are just mind boggling. I think even the slightest chance of some of these side effects mentioned would want parents to search for alternatives for their children and keep them away from the drug. Another problem about ADHD is the fact that doctors cannot find anything psychically different from the children diagnosed with the disease from those that are "normal." Dr. Thomas Millar, a retired Vancouver child psychiatrist, goes as far as to say that ADHD is a "mythical disorder"(Donnelly, 1998, p. 2). He also says that the problem is not hyper children, but rather its poor parenting. Children that act as children do- easily excited, short attention spans, and hyper (all symptoms of ADHD)- are not considered to be acting as normal children, but rather as children with a disorder. I think Dr. Millar put it best when he said, "If Tom Sawyer was around today, he'd be Ritalin, as would any other normal boy in literature. Today, parents don't have any idea of what child behavior ought to be." Parents who start giving their children this drug at ages as earlier as two, I think, are looking for quick fix and are being lazy. How can parent decide that a two year old is being hyperactive (White and Rouge, 2003)? Most two year olds are active and have little to no attention spans. I think this only teaches children that drugs are the answer to all our problems. By putting a child on a mind altering drug at such a young age, when he or she has not even started school yet, it leaves a parent with very little evidence or reason for their action. The child does not have schoolwork yet, and has little need for paying attention for long periods of time, so what does this child need the drug for? Because the child is difficult and more active than a parent wishes? It almost seems as if parents want to change their child's personality and make their childhood less interesting. I think it's very important that parents do not view Ritalin as the first and only way of calming their child down. All in all, Ritalin is a very controversial drug in our country because of its side effects and the insecurities of diagnosing ADHD. The drug carries very important help for children who are struggling to pay attention and without a doubt do have a disorder. But the number of children who are on the drug for the wrong reason is a scary thought. Are we become so impatient with our children that we do not want to take the time to discipline or help them through their problems? Have our children become so bad that we are willing to risk their health so they calm down and do not embarrass us? Our society needs to learn more about this drug that too many of us are so quickly giving to our children. References Brink, Susan. (2004, Apr. 26).Doing Ritalin Right. U.S. News & World Report, 125 (20), 76. Dalsgaard, S. et al. (2001). Reassessment of ADHD in a Historical Cohort of Children Treated with Stimulants in the Period 1969-1989. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 10, 230-239. Donnelly, Patrick. (1998, June 15). How to Fix Tom Sawyer. Ablerta Report/Newsmagazine, 25 (26), 32. Hancock, LynNell and Pat Wingert. (1996, Feb 18). Mother's Little Helper. Newsweek, 127(12), 50. Kidd, Parris M. (2000, Sep/Oct). ADHD total health management. The safe and effective alternative to Ritalin. Total Health, 22 (5). Lawsuits Say Drug Company Hyped Kids' Need For Ritalin. (2000, Sept. 29). School Law News, 28 (20), 1-2. White, Hazel L. and Baton Rouge. (Winter 2003). Ritalin Update for Counselors, Teachers, and Parents. Education 124 (3).
Sunday, March 15, 2020
10 Tips for a Better Sleep Essay Example 10 Tips for a Better Sleep Essay 10 Tips for a Better Sleep Essay Essay Topic: Blankets It could be you arent getting enough sleep. Work, household responsibilities and child care can make sleep difficult to come by. Factor in other unexpected challenges, such as financial worries, layoffs, relationship issues or an illness, and quality sleep may be even more elusive. You may not be able to control or eliminate all of the factors that interfere with your sleep, but you can create an environment and adopt habits that encourage a more restful night. Try these suggestions if you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep: Go to bed and get up at about the same time every day, even on the weekends. Sticking to a schedule helps reinforce your bodys sleep-wake cycle and can help you fall asleep more easily at night. Dont eat or drink large amounts before bedtime. Eat a light dinner at least two hours before sleeping. If youre prone to heartburn, avoid spicy or fatty foods, which can make your heartburn flare and prevent a restful sleep. Also, limit how much you drink before bed. Too much liquid can cause you to wake up repeatedly during the night for trips to the toilet. Avoid nicotine, caffeine and alcohol in the evening. These are stimulants that can keep you awake. Smokers often experience withdrawal symptoms at night, and smoking in bed is dangerous. Avoid caffeine for eight hours before your planned bedtime. Your body doesnt store caffeine, but it takes many hours to eliminate the stimulant and its effects. And although often believed to be a sedative, alcohol actually disrupts sleep. Exercise regularly. Regular physical activity, especially aerobic exercise, can help you fall asleep faster and make your sleep more restful. However, for some people, exercising right before bed may make getting to sleep more difficult. Make your bedroom cool, dark, quiet and comfortable. Create a room thats ideal for sleeping. Adjust the lighting, temperature, humidity and noise level to your preferences. Use blackout curtains, eye covers, earplugs, extra blankets, a fan or white-noise generator, a humidifier or other devices to create an environment that suits your needs. Sleep primarily at night. Daytime naps may steal hours from nighttime slumber. Limit daytime sleep to about a half-hour and make it during midafternoon. If you work nights, keep your window coverings closed so that sunlight, which adjusts the bodys internal clock, doesnt interrupt your sleep. If you have a day job and sleep at night, but still have trouble waking up, leave the window coverings open and let the sunlight help awaken you. Choose a comfortable mattress and pillow. Features of a good bed are subjective and differ for each person. But make sure you have a bed thats comfortable. If you share your bed, make sure theres enough room for two. Children and pets are often disruptive, so you may need to set limits on how often they sleep in bed with you. Start a relaxing bedtime routine. Do the same things each night to tell your body its time to wind down. This may include taking a warm bath or shower, reading a book, or listening to soothing music. Relaxing activities done with lowered lights can help ease the transition between wakefulness and sleepiness. Go to bed when youre tired and turn out the lights. If you dont fall asleep within 15 to 20 minutes, get up and do something else. Go back to bed when youre tired. Dont agonize over falling asleep. The stress will only prevent sleep. Use sleeping pills only as a last resort. Check with your doctor before taking any sleep medications. He or she can make sure the pills wont interact with your other medications or with an existing medical condition. Your doctor can also help you determine the best dosage. If you do take a sleep medication, reduce the dosage gradually when you want to quit, and never mix alcohol and sleeping pills. If you feel sleepy or dizzy during the day, talk to your doctor about changing the dosage or discontinuing the pills.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Regression Analysis - Speech or Presentation Example In essence, it allows for evaluation of the fixed and random effects models in non-linear modeling frameworks and simply assumes parameter and variable non-linearity. Assumption 2: Expected value of error is zero This assumption presumes that the error component will return a zero mean meaning that the observed mean will not be systematically distorted away from the true value by the error (and this contrasts with a systematic bias effect which would distort the observed mean away from its true value) (Good & Hardin, 2009). Assumption 3: Autocorrelation Amongst the assumptions often made in regression analysis is that error terms not dependent on each other or rather non-correlated. This is however not always the case. When this assumption is violated, despite the fact that the regression model is still usable, in prediction value, its usefulness is largely diminished. This study considering the relationship between the variables seeks to assume its presence and hence proof that the modelÃ¢â¬â¢s usability is largely diminished. The estimated regression parameters, a, b1, b2, . . . ,bk, are left as unbiased estimators of the respective real values, A, B1, B2, . . ,Bk, and hence the model remains appropriate for establishment of point estimates of A, B, and others., and it can be used in prediction of values of Y for X value sets (Good & Hardin, 2009) (Good & Hardin, 2009). Autocorrelation is often a product of errors correlation. It broadens the scope of thinking to look at different observations which result from varying distributions which are non-explanatory. Assumption 4: Heteroskadascity Sphericality assumption often implies that there exists homoskedasticity of errors, and that variance is constant across cases. Violation of this offers heteroskedasticity whereby the predictive model does particularly poor in some set of circumstances. Take for instance in this case where there is a possibility that unemployment or gas prices across countries may be reli able but there is lesser proof to believe in the data relating to the same obtained from other countries. Such a case would give rise to increased random variation, and hence huge mean error variances, in the respective countries. In general, Heteroskedasticity occurs in instances where the homoskedasticity assumption is violated, giving rise to Assumption 5: Multi-collinearity assumption Whenever there exists moderate to high intercorrelation amongst predictor variables, multi-collinearity is believed to arise. Typically, multi-collinearity presents a real research problem when multiple regressions are used. These include its severe limiting of RÃ¢â¬â¢s size given that predictors follow a variance as much the same as that of y, creating a difficulty in determination of the worth of a predictor due confounding of the effects as a result of correlation between them, and an increment in regression coefficient variants (Good & Hardin, 2009). In this caseÃ¢â¬â¢s, a number of variabl es are considered in the model including gas price, excluding food prices, unemployment, and personal expenditure which was removed due to its high correlation to the other variables. However, even with the inclusion of the other variables, it is still believed that the other variables have some slight correlation to each other. For instance, food services are likely to be impacted on by gas prices and the same is true for unemployment rates. Conclusion Understanding relationship